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Fort & Palace of Jodhpur in Rajasthan

17. June 2013 by Admin 32 Comments

Umaid Bhawan Palace

Umaid Bhawan Palace of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India

Umaid Bhawan  is a palace located at Jodhpur. Umaid Bhawan Palace exude an aura definitely its own. The Palace hotel finely blends Rajput and Victorian architecture. Umaid Bhawan Palace was originally called Chittar Palace during construction, due to its location on Chittar Hill, the highest point in Jodhpur. Ground for the foundations of the building was broken on 18 November 1929 by Maharaja Umed Singh, it was unfinished until 1944. Umaid Bhawan was one of the last royal constructions (and India's last Palace), built to provide work and drought relief for the poor. The Palace, when it was built, was the world's largest private residence, with 347 rooms. The building is spectacularly illuminate at night causing some controversy in a city that continues to endure daily multi-hour power cuts.

Maharaja Umaid Singhji who built this palace was fascinated with western lifestyles so he marshalled the services of a well-known Edwardian architect, Henry Vaughan Lanchester, a creditable equal of Edward Lutyens (architect of New Delhi) to construct a three hundred and forty seven roomed Umaid Palace. This was to become India last of the great palaces and the biggest private residence in the world. Spectacular Central Rotunda, the cupola rises to a hundred and five feet high; the Throne Room with its exquisite Ramayana murals; an elegant wood-panelled library, and even a private museum; an indoor swimming pool, a Billiards Room, tennis courts and unique marble squash courts makes Umaid Bhawan Palace is unabashedly the most magnificent.

The Palace now is a five star deluxe palace hotel. The museum of the palace is highly recommended for its display of weapons, an array of stuffed leopards, a huge banner presented by Queen Victoria and an incredible collection of clocks.

Mehrangarh Fort

Mehrangarh Fort of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India


Invincible and mighty, inspirational awe, admiration, envy and fear in friend and foe alike, Mehrangarh is the very spirit of the Rathores. Mehrangarh Fort has never, not even once, been taken in a siege.  certainly, no historian, no white-whiskered royal retainer, no chronicle, no ballad, no poem can rival the Citadel of the Sun in bringing alive the story of the Rathores of Jodhpur. Every mile-stone in their exploration, every victory, every act of courage is immortalized here in stone and mortar, marble and metal. The palaces lavish with delicate friezes, record successful campaign; cart-loads of war booty and caravans laden with imperial favor. The cenotaphs recount inspiring tale of spirit and sacrifice; cannon-ball marks on the walls speak of repulsed enemies; the hand-prints, tiny and graceful on the portals, weep in remembrance of faithful queens lost to the flames of Sati.

Mehrangarh (etymology:'Mihir'{Sanskrit)-sun or Sun-deity; 'garh'{Sanskrit}-fort; i.e.'Sun-fort'; according to Rajasthani words articulation convention, 'Mihirgarh' has changed to 'Mehrangarh'; the Sun-deity has been the chief deity of the Rathore dynasty; is one of the largest forts in India. Though the fortification was originally started in 1459 by Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur, most of the fort which stands today dates from the period of Jaswant Singh (1638–78). This wonderful fort is situated at the centre of the city spreading over 5 km atop a 125-metre high hill.

Mehrangarh Fort situated in Jodhpur is one of the biggest forts and a famous tourist place in India. The fort is located on a lofty height, 400 feet above the city, and is enclosed by striking thick walls. Inside its territorial boundaries, there are more than a few palaces, which are known for their intricate carvings and sprawling courtyards.

There are seven gate, which contain Jayapol significance of victory built by Maharaja Man Singh to commemorate his victories over Jaipur and Bikaner armies. Fattehpol also significance of victory gate was built by Maharaja Ajit Singh to mark the defeat of Mughals. And Lohapol significance iron gate has a moving memorabilia on palm print of the queens of Maharaja Man Singh who threw themselves on his funeral pyre in an act of sati [self-immolation]. The palm imprints still magnetize devotional concentration and are cover by vermilion paste and paper-thin silver foil.

This is one of the premium museums in Rajasthan and definitely the best laid out. In the palanquin part of the fort museum, you can see an attractive collection of old royal palanquins including the elaborate domed gilt Mahadol palanquin, which was won in a battle from the Governor of Gujarat in 1730. The museum exhibit the heritage of the Rathores in arms, costume, paintings and decorated period rooms.


Jaswant Thada

Jaswant Thada of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India


On the way downward from the fort, on left is Jaswant Thada, the elegant marble cenotaph of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. His son Maharaja Sardar Singhji build the Taj Mahal of Marwar in the reminiscence of Maharaj Jaswant Singhji II of Jodhpur. The cenotaphs of past Maharajas and Maharanis are at Mandore.

It was built in 1899, with all the ruler earlier than him being cremated at Mandore, the previous capital of Marwar. Jaswant Singh who rule Jodhpur since 1873-95, is worshipped in the urban approximately like a god and was attributed during his lifetime as someone who possessed remarkable healing powers. His cenotaph is build like a temple and was worshipped like one by the public, and the stones with which it was constructed came from a quarry located at Markana, a village on the outskirts of Jaipur. The marble walls of the cenotaph are very thin, at some points only about six inches thick. unneeded to add all the wives and concubines of Jaswant commited sati on his funeral pyre and their memorials are found alongside him. A visit to this construction is through the rocky hills giving it a secluded and a mystic aura.


Sur Sagar Palaces

Sur Sagar Palaces are build on rectangular platform made of white Makrana Marble. Two palaces differing each other belong one every to ladies and gents. The palace for men was use by the king and further royal men, while the ladies' palace was use by queens and their friends. Two large halls were construct on the sides of the palaces, which were use by the maids and servants. The safety walls made approximately the palaces, engraved domes and arch are proof of the fine structural design of the medieval period. close grounds outer were use to house elephants and horses. When the Marwar entered in an agreement with British Government in 1817, these palaces were changed into the house and office of the British Ambassador in 1838. Jodhpur's 1st Post Office was open in the meeting halls of these palaces.


Mehrangarh Fort Museum

Mehrangarh Fort Museum of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India


In the center of the Umaid Garden, this museum houses a wealthy group of exhibits armoury, textile, local arts and crafts, and miniature paintings. And even portrait of rulers, manuscript and descriptions of Jain Tirthankars. Umaid Public Garden houses a zoo and public library. This structure and the garden were urbanized during the time of Maharaj Umaid Singhji.


Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum

Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India


Maharaja Umaid Singhji who build this palace was enthralled with the western lifestyles so he marshalled the services of a well-known Edwardian architect, Henry Vaughan Lanchester, a creditable equal of Edward Lutyens (architect of New Delhi) to construct a three hundred and forty seven roomed Umaid Palace. This was to become India last of great palace and the biggest private residence in the world.


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